基于CentOS 5.4搭建nginx+php+spawn-fcgi+mysql高性能php平台[转]

这篇文档纯粹转载而来,其中的方法仅供参考,没有必要非照上面一行行的写。
只要必要的依赖包都安装了,配置文件都正确配置。问题不是很大,尽管可能会搞的焦头烂额,不过多配几次就好了。

其中我主要参考的是spawn-fcgi的配置方法。

系统安装
1.1平台环境:
CentOS 5.4 x86_64 GNU/Linux
nginx-0.8.21
php-5.2.9
spawn-fcgi-1.6.3
mysql-5.1.34

1.2系统安装及分区:
1.2.1操作系统安装:
安装过程中选择最少的包,采用文本模式安装,不安装图形。

1.2.3系统分区:
/boot  100M    (大约100左右)
SWAP  4G      物理内存的2倍(如果你的物理内存大于4G,分配4G即可)
/50G
/data             剩余所有空间.

注:具体分区请根据相关业务划分
1.2.4系统软件包安装规范
系统约定:
软件源代码包存放位置             /usr/local/src
源码包编译安装位置(prefix)     /usr/local/software_name
脚本以及维护程序存放位置       /usr/local/sbin
MySQL 数据库位置                /data/mysql/data(可按情况设置)
网站根目录                          /data/www/wwwroot(可按情况设置)
虚拟主机日志根目录               /data/logs(可按情况设置)
Nginx运行账户                     www:www
install_software_name.sh     //存放编译参数脚本习惯将所有编译脚本存放在install_software_name.sh便于升级和更新软件.
1.3.系统初始化
#vi init_network.sh
#welcome
cat << EOF
+————————————————————–+
|         === Welcome to Centos System init ===                |
+————————————————————–+
+———————-Author:NetSeek————————–+
EOF
#disable ipv6
cat << EOF
+————————————————————–+
|         === Welcome to Disable IPV6 ===                      |
+————————————————————–+
EOF
echo "alias net-pf-10 off" >> /etc/modprobe.conf
echo "alias ipv6 off" >> /etc/modprobe.conf
/sbin/chkconfig –level 35 ip6tables off
echo "ipv6 is disabled!"
#disable selinux
sed -i ‘/SELINUX/s/enforcing/disabled/’ /etc/selinux/config
echo "selinux is disabled,you must reboot!"
#vim
sed -i "8 s/^/alias vi=’vim’/" /root/.bashrc
echo ‘syntax on’ > /root/.vimrc
#zh_cn
sed -i -e ‘s/^LANG=.*/LANG="en"/’   /etc/sysconfig/i18n
#init_ssh
ssh_cf="/etc/ssh/sshd_config"
sed -i -e ’74 s/^/#/’ -i -e ’76 s/^/#/’ $ssh_cf
sed -i "s/#UseDNS yes/UseDNS no/" $ssh_cf
#client
sed -i -e ’44 s/^/#/’ -i -e ’48 s/^/#/’ $ssh_cf
echo "ssh is init is ok………….."
#chkser
#tunoff services
#——————————————————————————–
cat << EOF
+————————————————————–+
|         === Welcome to Tunoff services ===                   |
+————————————————————–+
EOF
#———————————————————————————
for i in `ls /etc/rc3.d/S*`
do
CURSRV=`echo $i|cut -c 15-`
echo $CURSRV
case $CURSRV in
crond | irqbalance | microcode_ctl | network | random | sendmail | sshd | syslog | local | mysqld )
echo "Base services, Skip!"
;;
*)
echo "change $CURSRV to off"
chkconfig –level 235 $CURSRV off
service $CURSRV stop
;;
esac
done

1.4 系统环境部署及调整
检查系统是否正常
# tail -n100 /var/log/messages   (检查有无系统级错误信息)
# dmesg                     (检查硬件设备是否有错误信息)
# ifconfig                    (检查网卡设置是否正确)
# ping
www.linuxtone.org       (检查网络是否正常)
1.5使用 yum 程序安装所需开发包
1.5.1 更换快源
#cd /etc/yum.repos.d/
#mv CentOS-Base.repo CentOS-Base.repo.linuxtone
#wget http://docs.linuxtone.org/soft/lemp/CentOS-Base.repo

1.5.2 yum安装相关软件包:
#yum -y install ntp vim-enhanced gcc gcc-c++ gcc-g77 flex bison autoconf automake glibc glibc-devel glib2 glib2-devel bzip2 bzip2-devel ncurses ncurses-devel libtool* zlib-devel libxml2-devel libjpeg-devel libpng-devel libtiff-devel fontconfig-devel freetype-devel libXpm-devel gettext-devel curl curl-devel pam-devel e2fsprogs-devel krb5-devel libidn libidn-devel openssl openssl-devel openldap openldap-devel nss_ldap openldap-clients openldap-servers

1.6 定时校正服务器时钟,定时与中国国家授时中心授时服务器同步
# crontab -e
加入一行:
15 3 * * * /usr/sbin/ntpdate 210.72.145.44 > /dev/null 2>&1

1.7下载相关软件包
#cd /usr/local/src
#vi list_tar.list
http://docs.linuxtone.org/soft/lemp/ImageMagick.tar.gz

http://docs.linuxtone.org/soft/lemp/PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2.tgz

http://docs.linuxtone.org/soft/lemp/eaccelerator-0.9.5.3.tar.bz2

http://docs.linuxtone.org/soft/lemp/imagick-2.2.2.tgz

http://docs.linuxtone.org/soft/lemp/libiconv-1.13.tar.gz

http://docs.linuxtone.org/soft/lemp/libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz

http://docs.linuxtone.org/soft/lemp/mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz

http://docs.linuxtone.org/soft/lemp/memcache-2.2.5.tgz

http://docs.linuxtone.org/soft/lemp/mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz

http://docs.linuxtone.org/soft/lemp/mysql-5.1.34.tar.gz

http://docs.linuxtone.org/soft/lemp/pcre-7.8.tar.gz

http://www.lighttpd.net/download/spawn-fcgi-1.6.3.tar.gz

http://docs.linuxtone.org/soft/lemp/php-5.2.9.tar.bz2

http://sysoev.ru/nginx/nginx-0.8.21.tar.gz

http://docs.linuxtone.org/soft/lemp/ZendOptimizer-3.3.3-linux-glibc23-x86_64.tar.gz

#wget -i list_tar.list
1.8.添加nginx 运维账户:
#vi add_webuser.sh
/usr/sbin/groupadd www
/usr/sbin/useradd -g www www
mkdir -p /data/www/wwwroot
chmod +w /data/www/wwwroot
chown www:www /data/www/wwwroot -R

#sh add_webuser.sh

二.编译安装
2.1 编译安装pcre
#tar zxvf pcre-7.8.tar.gz
#cd pcre-7.8
#./configure && make && make install

2.2 编译安装nginx
#tar zxvf nginx-0.8.21.tar.gz
#cd nginx-0.8.21

2.2.1 附加:修改nginx源代码,伪装nginx服务器(仅供参考,安全还得认真做起^.^):
(1).修改gcc
#vi auto/cc/gcc
NGX_GCC_OPT="-O"

修改为:
NGX_GCC_OPT="-O3″

(2).修改nginx.h
#vi nginx-0.8.21/src/core/nginx.h 
#define NGINX_VERSION      "0.7.58″
#define NGINX_VER          "nginx/" NGINX_VERSION

修改为:
#define NGINX_VERSION      "1.0″
#define NGINX_VER          "LTWS/" NGINX_VERSION

(3).修改nginx_http_header_filter_module
#vi nginx-0.8.21/src/http/ngx_http_header_filter_module.c
static char ngx_http_server_string[] = "Server: nginx" CRLF;

修改为:
static char ngx_http_server_string[] = "Server: LTWS" CRLF;

(4).修改ngx_http_special_response.c
#vi nginx-0.8.21/src/http/ngx_http_special_response.c
将如下
static u_char ngx_http_error_full_tail[] =
"<hr><center>" NGINX_VER "</center>" CRLF
"</body>" CRLF
"</html>" CRLF
;

static u_char ngx_http_error_tail[] =
"<hr><center>nginx</center>" CRLF
"</body>" CRLF
"</html>" CRLF
;

修改为:
static u_char ngx_http_error_full_tail[] =
"<hr><center> "NGINX_VER" </center>" CRLF
"<hr><center>http://www.linuxtone.com</center>" CRLF
"</body>" CRLF
"</html>" CRLF
;

static u_char ngx_http_error_tail[] =
"<hr><center>HMGWS</center>" CRLF
"</body>" CRLF
"</html>" CRLF
;

2.2.2 nginx 编译安装
./configure \
"–user=www" \
"–group=www" \
"–prefix=/usr/local/nginx/" \
"–with-http_stub_status_module" \
"–with-http_ssl_module" \
"–with-md5=/usr/lib" \
"–with-sha1=/usr/lib"
make
make install

2.3 编译安装配置mysql
./configure \
"–prefix=/usr/local/mysql" \
"–localstatedir=/data/mysql/data" \
"–with-comment=Source" \
"–with-server-suffix=-Linuxtone.Org" \
"–enable-assembler" \
"–with-charset=gbk" \
"–with-collation=gbk_chinese_ci" \
"–with-collation=gbk_chinese_ci" \
"–with-extra-charsets=complex" \
"–enable-thread-safe-client" \
"–with-big-tables" \
"–with-readline" \
"–with-ssl" \
"–with-embedded-server" \
"–enable-local-infile" \
"–with-plugins=innobase"
make
make install
useradd mysql -d /data/mysql -s /sbin/nologin
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_install_db –user=mysql
cd /usr/local/mysql
chown -R root:mysql .
mkdir -p /data/mysql/data
chown -R mysql /data/mysql/data
cp share/mysql/my-huge.cnf /etc/my.cnf.bak
wget http://www.caifw.com/api/my.cnf
sed -i ’50 s/^/#/’ /etc/my.cnf
cp share/mysql/mysql.server /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld
chmod 755 /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld
chkconfig –add mysqld
/etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld start

cd /usr/local/mysql/bin
for i in *; do ln -s /usr/local/mysql/bin/$i /usr/bin/$i; done

2.4 编译安装php
(php依赖包,必须的;如在./configure 提示error错误那可能是缺少什么包了。对编译有影响)
2.4.1安装php相应的lib
2.4.1.1 libiconv-1.13
#tar zxvf libiconv-1.13.tar.gz
#cd libiconv-1.13
#./configure –prefix=/usr && make && make install

2.4.1.2 libmcrypt-2.5.8
#tar zxvf libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz
#cd libmcrypt-2.5.8/
#./configure –prefix=/usr && make && make install
#echo "/usr/lib" >> /etc/ld.so.conf
#ldconfig
#cd libltdl/
#./configure –enable-ltdl-install
#make && make install

2.4.1.3 mhash-0.9.9.9
#tar zxvf mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz
#cd mhash-0.9.9.9
#./configure –prefix=/usr && make && make install
#ldconfig

2.4.1.4 mcrypt-2.6.8
#tar zxvf mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz
#cd mcrypt-2.6.8
#./configure –prefix=/usr && make&& make install

spawn-fcgi管理
2.4.2 安装spawn-fcgi
#tar zvxf spawn-fcgi-1.6.3.tar.gz
#cd spawn-fcgi-1.6.3
#./configure && make && make install

2.4.3 安装php
#tar jvxf php-5.2.9.tar.bz2
#vi install_php.sh
./configure  \
"–prefix=/usr/local/php" \
"–enable-fastcgi" \
"–enable-fpm" \
"–enable-discard-path" \
"–enable-force-cgi-redirect" \
"–with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc" \
"–with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql" \
"–with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config" \
"–with-iconv-dir" \
"–with-freetype-dir" \
"–with-jpeg-dir" \
"–with-png-dir" \
"–with-gd" \
"–with-zlib" \
"–with-libxml-dir" \
"–with-curl" \
"–with-curlwrappers" \
"–with-openssl" \
"–with-mhash" \
"–with-xmlrpc" \
"–with-mcrypt" \
"–with-ldap" \
"–with-ldap-sasl" \
"–enable-xml" \
"–disable-rpath" \
"–enable-discard-path" \
"–enable-safe-mode" \
"–enable-bcmath" \
"–enable-shmop" \
"–enable-sysvsem" \
"–enable-inline-optimization" \
"–enable-mbregex" \
"–enable-mbstring" \
"–enable-gd-native-ttf" \
"–enable-ftp" \
"–enable-pcntl" \
"–enable-sockets" \
"–enable-zip" \
"–disable-debug" \
"–disable-ipv6″
make ZEND_EXTRA_LIBS=’-liconv’
make install
cp php.ini-dist /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini

#sh install_php.sh
2.4.4安装PHP扩展模块
2.4.4.1 memcache-2.2.5
#tar zvxf memcache-2.2.5.tgz
#cd memcache-2.2.5
#/usr/local/php/bin/phpize
#./configure –with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config
#make && make install

2.4.4.2 eaccelerator-0.9.5.3
#tar jvxf eaccelerator-0.9.5.3.tar.bz2
#cd eaccelerator-0.9.5.3
#/usr/local/php/bin/phpize
#./configure –enable-eaccelerator=shared –with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config
#make && make install

pdo_mysql不要忘记了。在windows下面久了,就有定向思维了。。
2.4.4.3 PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2
#tar zxvf PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2.tgz
#cd PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2
#/usr/local/php/bin/phpize
#./configure –with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config –with-pdo-mysql=/usr/local/mysql
#make && make install

2.4.4.4 ImageMagick
#tar zxvf ImageMagick.tar.gz
#cd ImageMagick-6.5.1-2/  
#./configure –enable-shared –with-modules –without-x –with-gs-font-dir=default –with-perl=yes –with-xml=yes –with-zlib=yes –with-jpeg=yes
# make && make install

2.4.4.5 imagick-2.2.2
#tar zxvf imagick-2.2.2.tgz
#cd imagick-2.2.2/
#/usr/local/php/bin/phpize
#./configure –with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config
#make
#make install

2.4.5脚本配置php.ini
# vi init_php.ini
#!/bin/bash
fcgi_cf="/usr/local/php/etc/php.ini"
ea(){
cat << EOF
[eAccelerator]
zend_extension="/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/eaccelerator.so"
eaccelerator.shm_size="32″
eaccelerator.cache_dir="/data/cache/ea"
eaccelerator.enable="1″
eaccelerator.optimizer="1″
eaccelerator.check_mtime="1″
eaccelerator.debug="0″
eaccelerator.filter=""
eaccelerator.shm_max="0″
eaccelerator.shm_ttl="0″
eaccelerator.shm_prune_period="0″
eaccelerator.shm_only="0″
eaccelerator.compress="1″
eaccelerator.compress_level="9″
EOF
}
#mkdir
mkdir -p /data/cache/ea
ea >> $fcgi_cf
#config for php.ini
sed -i ‘205 s#;open_basedir =#open_basedir = /data/www/wwwroot:/tmp#g’ $fcgi_cf
sed -i ‘210 s#disable_functions =#;disable_functions = phpinfo,passthru,exec,system,chroot,scandir,chgrp,chown,shell_exec,proc_open,proc_get_status,ini_alter,ini_alter,ini_restore,dl,pfsockopen,openlog,syslog,readlink,symlink,popepassthru,stream_socket_server#g’ $fcgi_cf
sed -i ‘/expose_php/s/On/Off/’ $fcgi_cf
sed -i ‘/display_errors/s/On/Off/’ $fcgi_cf
sed -i ‘s#extension_dir = "./"#extension_dir = "/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/"\nextension = "memcache.so"\nextension = "pdo_mysql.so"\nextension = "imagick.so"\n#’ $fcgi_cf
sed -i ‘s#output_buffering = Off#output_buffering = On#’ $fcgi_cf

zend 优化器也不可少
2.5安装Zend
#tar zvxf ZendOptimizer-3.3.3-linux-glibc23-x86_64.tar.gz
# cd ZendOptimizer-3.3.3-linux-glibc23-x86_64
# ./install

注:php.ini的位置为/usr/local/php/etc
三、配置整合
3.1 配置nginx
注:本文spawn-fcgi开启9000跟9001两个端口,利用nginx的upstream负载均衡php程序到不同的fcgi端口上面,解决502 gateway错误
#cd /usr/local/nginx/conf
#cp nginx.conf nginx.conf.linuxtone
#vi nginx.conf

user  www www;  #用户更改

worker_processes 10;

pid /var/run/nginx.pid;  #你自己对应的nginx.pid一般不需更改
# [ debug | info | notice | warn | error | crit ]
error_log  /dev/null;
#error_log /data/logs/nginxerror.log;
#Specifies the value for maximum file descriptors that can be opened by this process.
worker_rlimit_nofile 51200;

events
{
use epoll;

#maxclient = worker_processes * worker_connections / cpu_number
worker_connections 51200;
}

http
{
include       /usr/local/nginx/conf/mime.types;
default_type  application/octet-stream;
#charset  gb2312;
charset gbk;
log_format  main  ‘$remote_addr – $remote_user [$time_local] $request ‘
‘"$status" $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" ‘
‘"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"’;

#access_log  /data/www/logs/access.log  main;
access_log  /dev/null;

#General Options
server_names_hash_bucket_size 128;
client_header_buffer_size 32k;
large_client_header_buffers 4 32k;
ignore_invalid_headers   on;
recursive_error_pages    on;
server_name_in_redirect off;

sendfile                 on;

#timeouts
keepalive_timeout 60;

#TCP Options
tcp_nopush  on;
tcp_nodelay on;
#fastcgi options
fastcgi_connect_timeout 300;
fastcgi_send_timeout 300;
fastcgi_read_timeout 300;

fastcgi_buffer_size 128k;
fastcgi_buffers 4 128k;
fastcgi_busy_buffers_size 128k;
fastcgi_temp_file_write_size 128k;
fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
ssi on;
ssi_silent_errors on;
ssi_types text/shtml;
#size limits
client_max_body_size       50m;
client_body_buffer_size    256k;
#gzip  compression
gzip on;
gzip_min_length  0;
gzip_buffers     16 8k;
gzip_http_version 1.0;
gzip_comp_level 9;
gzip_types       text/plain text/css image/x-icon image/png;
gzip_vary on;

#temp files
proxy_temp_path            /dev/shm/proxy_temp;
fastcgi_temp_path          /dev/shm/fastcgi_temp;
client_body_temp_path      /dev/shm/client_body_temp;
#client_body_temp_path  /usr/local/nginx/client_body_temp 1 2;
#proxy_temp_path        /usr/local/nginx/proxy_temp 1 2;
#fastcgi_temp_path      /usr/local/nginx/fastcgi_temp 1 2;

##############需要添加到你自己的nginix.conf中的。##############

#upstream
upstream  spawn {
# ip_hash;
server   127.0.0.1:9000 max_fails=0 fail_timeout=30s;
server   127.0.0.1:9001 max_fails=0 fail_timeout=30s;
}

#####################################################

# The following includes are specified for virtual hosts
#www.linuxtone.org
include          /usr/local/nginx/conf/vhosts/www.linuxtone.org.conf;
}

自定义站点配置文件
#mkdir vhosts
#vi vhosts/www.linuxtone.org.conf
server
{
listen       80;
server_name  www.linuxtone.org .linuxtone.org;
index index.html index.htm index.php;
root  /data/www/wwwroot/linuxtone;  
#自己的站点目录
error_page 404 http://www.linuxtone.org;
#rewrite ^/bbs/(.*) http://bbs.linuxtone.org/$1;
location ~ .*\.php?$
{
fastcgi_pass spawn;
include /usr/local/nginx/conf/spawn_php5.conf; 
#如没有spawn-php5.conf,则直接调用fastcgi.conf;这俩文件是一样的。
fastcgi_index  index.php;
}
location ~* \.(js|css|jpg|jpeg|gif|png)$ {
if (-f $request_filename) {
access_log   off;
expires      1d;
break;
}
}
}

#vi /usr/local/nginx/conf/spawn_php5.conf
fastcgi_param  GATEWAY_INTERFACE  CGI/1.1;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_SOFTWARE    nginx;
fastcgi_param  QUERY_STRING       $query_string;
fastcgi_param  REQUEST_METHOD     $request_method;
fastcgi_param  CONTENT_TYPE       $content_type;
fastcgi_param  CONTENT_LENGTH     $content_length;
fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME    $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_NAME        $fastcgi_script_name;
fastcgi_param  REQUEST_URI        $request_uri;
fastcgi_param  DOCUMENT_URI       $document_uri;
fastcgi_param  DOCUMENT_ROOT      $document_root;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_PROTOCOL    $server_protocol;
fastcgi_param  REMOTE_ADDR        $remote_addr;
fastcgi_param  REMOTE_PORT        $remote_port;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_ADDR        $server_addr;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_PORT        $server_port;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_NAME        $server_name;
# PHP only, required if PHP was built with –enable-force-cgi-redirect
#fastcgi_param  REDIRECT_STATUS    200;

3.2 配置spawn-fcgi启动脚本
#mkdir /usr/local/php/sbin
# vi /usr/local/php/sbin/spawn-fcgi

###################可以直接复制过去,再修改下。###################
#! /bin/sh

set -e

PATH=/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin
DESC="spawn-fcgi daemon"
NAME=spawn-fcgi
DAEMON=/usr/local/bin/$NAME

# Gracefully exit if the package has been removed.
test -x $DAEMON || exit 0

d_start() {
$DAEMON -a 127.0.0.1 -p 9000 -C 128 -u www -g www -f /usr/local/php/bin/php-cgi > /dev/null 2>&1
$DAEMON -a 127.0.0.1 -p 9001 -C 128 -u www -g www -f /usr/local/php/bin/php-cgi > /dev/null 2>&1 || echo -n " already running"
}

# 把/usr/local/php/bin/php-cgi 改成你自己的php安装目录

d_stop() {
/usr/bin/killall -9 php-cgi > /dev/null 2>&1 || echo -n " not running"
}

case "$1″ in
start)
echo -n "Starting $DESC: $NAME"
d_start
echo "."
;;
stop)
echo -n "Stopping $DESC: $NAME"
d_stop
echo "."
;;
restart)
echo -n "Restarting $DESC: $NAME"
d_stop
sleep 1
d_start
echo "."
;;
*)
echo "Usage: $SCRIPTNAME {start|stop|restart}" >&2
exit 3
;;
esac

exit 0

#chmod 755 /usr/local/php/sbin/spawn-fcgi

四、启动WEB服务

4.1.启动spawn-fcgi
#/usr/local/php/sbin/spawn-fcgi start

4.2.启动nginx
4.2.1检查nginx配置:
# /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx –t     //返回如下信息说明配置正确 这个很有用。
the configuration file /usr/local/nginx//conf/nginx.conf syntax is ok
configuration file /usr/local/nginx//conf/nginx.conf test is successful

#/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx    //启动nginx

4.3.加入开机启动
#vi /etc/rc.local
在最后加入:
ulimit -SHn 51200
/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx
/usr/local/php/sbin/spawn-fcgi start

五、测试
#mkdir /data/www/wwwroot/linuxtone
#vi phpinfo.php
<?php
Phpinfo();
?>

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注

*